January 10, 2023

How Much Does A Pallet Weigh?

For eCommerce business owners, understanding the weight of a pallet is an important part of getting goods from point A to point B. If you've ever been curious as to how much a typical wood or plastic pallet weighs and what factors might affect that weight, then this blog post has all the answers. Whether you're interested in shipping heavy loads or simply want to ensure your warehouse is organized, knowing the details behind every shipment can be essential. Read on for more information about calculating how much a standard-sized pallet might weigh.


What Is A Pallet?

A pallet is a platform made of timber, plastic, metal, or composite materials used to facilitate the handling and movement of goods. Pallets are usually square or rectangular and have four runners (or feet) on the bottom to enable them to be moved by forklift trucks, hand trucks, or other devices. They can also be stacked on top of one another to create a higher storage platform.


The use of pallets has become increasingly popular over the past few decades as it helps companies to improve their operational efficiency and reduces the cost of transportation. Businesses can save on packaging materials, labor costs, and shipping fees using pallets. Pallets can also be customized according to specific needs and used for various purposes, such as storage, transport, or display.


Standard Pallet Weight

Pallet weight is typically determined by the size of the pallet and its load-bearing capacity. The average pallet weighs between 30 and 70 pounds, depending on whether soft or hardwood was used to make it. Furthermore, the moisture content of the wood can add or subtract weight. A standard wooden pallet in the United States measures 48 inches by 40 inches by 6 inches. This pallet will have a dynamic load-bearing capacity of 1 tonne and a static load-bearing capacity of 3 tons.

Different Types Of Pallets

Reversible Pallets with Two Entry Points

Reversible pallets with two entry points are ideal for applications that require frequent product and material handling. These pallets can be used from two sides and feature a close-boarded construction. There are several types of reversible pallets available, including: 

Close-boarded two-way entry, no baseboard pallets

These pallets have a lightweight design featuring an open top and bottom to make it easier to move products between sides. They also have chamfered edges and glued blocks in the corners of the boards for additional strength. 


Pallets with Two Entry Wings

These are constructed using three or four layers of wooden boards secured together with metal bolts. The entry wings allow easier material handling as they provide two different sides to access products. 

Close-boarded four-way entry

These are constructed with a close-board design, providing greater strength and durability than two-way pallets. They are often used in applications where products frequently need to be moved from one side of the pallet to another. 


Three base pallets 1200 X 800 Euro pallets

These oversized rectangular pallets feature three baseboards and two entry sides for easy product movement. They are made from solid wood planks and reinforced with screws or nails for increased strength and stability.


Related: 6 Different Types of Pallet Racks for Warehouse Storage


How Do I Know A Pallet Is Safe To Use?

To test whether or not a pallet is safe to use, first visually inspect it for any damage, such as cracks, splinters, or broken slats. If the pallet is damaged, do not use it. Then check the weight rating. A Pallet should never be loaded with more weight than its rated capacity.


Finally, test the stability of the pallet by trying to rock it from side to side. It is unstable and should only be used if it rocks a few inches. Examine the markings and stamps on the side of the pallet to determine whether it is safe to use. This will assist you in ensuring that toxic pallets are not used (treated with chemicals).

What Is The Standard Pallet Height?

The standard pallet height is about 61/2 inches tall. The most common wooden pallet sizes are 42′′ X 42′′ / 1066.8mm X 1066.8mm, 36′′ X 36′′ / 914.4mm X 914.4mm, 48′′ X 40′′ / 1219.2mm X 1016mm and 48′′ X 48′′ / 1219.2mm X 1219.2mm. In the USA, the standard pallet size is 40′′ X 48′′.


How Much Weight Can A Pallet Hold?

48″X 40″ is the standard pallet size in the U.S. and can hold up the maximum weight of 4,600 lbs.

  • 48″ X 40″ pallet can hold up to 4,600 lbs of weight
  • 36″ X 36″ pallet can hold up to 4,700 lbs of weight
  • 42″ X 42″ pallet can hold up to 3,700 lbs of weight
  • 48″ X 48″ pallet can hold up to 3,700 lbs of weight


What Are Some Pallet Safety Tips?

1. Make sure your pallet is the correct size for your application. A pallet that's too large or small can be dangerous and may not be stable.

2. Always use a pallet jack to move a pallet. Never try to lift it by yourself.

3. When stacking pallets, ensure the weight is evenly distributed and that the bottom pallet is secure before adding additional weight.

4. Do not stand on or climb on top of a pallet. It may not be sturdy enough to support your weight and could collapse, resulting in injury.

5. Make sure the surface you are placing the pallet on is even and free of obstacles before stacking them up. Liquids, debris, or uneven surfaces can cause an unstable base.

6. When transporting pallets, use a truck with a flatbed or secure the pallet in place using straps or other devices to prevent it from sliding off while in transit.

7. Dispose of old and broken pallets responsibly by recycling them or taking them to a designated waste site. Never leave them lying around, as they can become dangerous and a tripping hazard.  

 9. Ensure all workers are trained on how to handle and move pallets safely before allowing them to do so unsupervised. This will help to minimize the risk of accidents.  

10. Regularly inspect your pallets for signs of wear and tear or damage, as this could make them unsafe to use. Replace any damaged pallets immediately. 

What are Types Of Pallet Weighing Scales?

There are a few different types of pallet weighing scales that you can choose from, depending on your needs. Here are the most common types:

Platform scales

A platform scale is a simple type of pallet scale that consists of a flat platform with a load cell under it. The weight of the object on the platform is then measured by the load cell and displayed on a digital readout. Platform scales are typically less expensive than other types of pallet scales and are suitable for weighing light to moderate loads.

Bench scales

A bench scale is similar to a platform scale, but it has an elevated platform that makes it easier to weigh larger objects. Bench scales can be used for both static and dynamic weighing, and they are often used to measure the weight of a single item or multiple items at once.

Floor scales

Floor scales are larger than platform and bench scales and can be used for static weighing of heavy loads. These types of pallet scales generally have four load cells that measure the total weight on the floor scale and display it on a digital readout. 

Axle scales

Axle scales are specifically designed to measure the weight of axles on trucks, trailers, railway cars, etc. They consist of two scale platforms linked together by load cells which detect the axle’s weight when it rests between them. These types of pallet scales provide precise readings and are commonly used in industrial settings.


In conclusion, the weight of pallets can vary greatly depending on the material they are made from, their size and shape, and what they are used for. Knowing exactly how much each of your shipments weigh can help ensure that you are staying within shipping regulation limits or to make sure you don't overload the truck with too much weight. Having a good understanding of how much each standard-sized pallet weighs will enable business owners to better plan for efficient and cost effective shipping solutions. By understanding more about pallet weight, as well as other characteristics such as type, length and width, eCommerce business owners can make better decisions when it comes to transporting goods safely and securely from point A to point B. Whether you're looking for a white wood pallet, a block plastic pallet or something in between - the knowledge of how much a standard-sized pallet weighs is essential for any successful shipping operation.

Recommended: What are Different Types of Pallet Jacks?

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